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Нейрохирургия

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Тромбоэмболические осложнения в нейрохирургии: решения на границе возможного и необходимого (обзор литературы)

https://doi.org/10.17650/1683-3295-2020-22-4-112-122

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Венозные тромбоэмболические осложнения (ВТЭО) — актуальная проблема всех хирургических специальностей, и нейрохирургия не стала исключением. Данные о частоте послеоперационного тромбоза глубоких вен и тромбоэмболии легочной артерии варьируют в широком диапазоне: от 0 до 34 % и от 0 до 3,8 % соответственно. По некоторым оценкам, ВТЭО стоят на 2-м месте среди причин летальных исходов после нейрохирургических операций, что делает изучение данной проблемы крайне важным для улучшения качества медицинской помощи. Обзор обобщает данные современной научной литературы о частоте ВТЭО, а также о патогенезе, стратификации риска и методах профилактики тромбоза глубоких вен и тромбоэмболии легочной артерии.

Об авторах

А. В. Бервицкий
ФГБУ Федеральный центр нейрохирургии Минздрава России (Новосибирск); Научно-исследовательский институт клинической и экспериментальной лимфологии — филиал ФГБНУ Институт цитологии и генетики Сибирского отделения, Российская академия наук; ФГБУН Институт гидродинамики им. М.А. Лаврентьева, Сибирское отделение Российской академии наук
Россия

Анатолий Владимирович Бервицкий

630087 Новосибирск, ул. Пемировича-Данченка, 132/1; 630060 Новосибирск, ул. Тимакова, 2; 630090 Новосибирск, просп. Лаврентьева, 15



В. Э. Гужин
ФГБУ Федеральный центр нейрохирургии Минздрава России (Новосибирск)
Россия

630087 Новосибирск, ул. Пемировича-Данченка, 132/1



Г. И. Мойсак
ФГБУ Федеральный центр нейрохирургии Минздрава России (Новосибирск); ФГАОУ ВО Новосибирский национальный исследовательский государственный университет
Россия

630087 Новосибирск, ул. Пемировича-Данченка, 132/1; 630090 Новосибирск, ул. Пирогова, 1



В. Я. Бабченко
ФГАОУ ВО Новосибирский национальный исследовательский государственный университет
Россия

630090 Новосибирск, ул. Пирогова, 1



Д. А. Рзаев
ФГБУ Федеральный центр нейрохирургии Минздрава России (Новосибирск); ФГАОУ ВО Новосибирский национальный исследовательский государственный университет
Россия

630087 Новосибирск, ул. Пемировича-Данченка, 132/1; 630090 Новосибирск, ул. Пирогова, 1



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Для цитирования:


Бервицкий А.В., Гужин В.Э., Мойсак Г.И., Бабченко В.Я., Рзаев Д.А. Тромбоэмболические осложнения в нейрохирургии: решения на границе возможного и необходимого (обзор литературы). Нейрохирургия. 2020;22(4):112-122. https://doi.org/10.17650/1683-3295-2020-22-4-112-122

For citation:


Bervitskiy A.V., Guzhin V.E., Moisak G.I., Babchenko V.Ya., Rzaev D.A. Thromboembolic complications in neurosurgery: solutions at the boundaries of possible and necessary (review). Russian journal of neurosurgery. 2020;22(4):112-122. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17650/1683-3295-2020-22-4-112-122

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